Factors in adult health-related quality of life: a population-based study

dianagosalvez Diana Gosálvez Prados last modified 18/03/2016 13:15

This study aimed to investigate factors associated with the physical health components (PHC) and mental health components (MHC) of health-related quality of life in adults. It is a population-based study, with household cluster sampling.

Noronha DD, Martins AM, Dias DD, Silveira MF, Paula AM, Haikal DS. Factors in adult health-related quality of life: a population-based study. Cien Saude Colet. 2016 Feb;21(2):463-474. Available at: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1413-81232016000200463&lng=en&nrm=iso&tlng=en


Article

18/03/2016

The dependent variables were the PHC and MHC scores in the 12-Item Short-Form Health Survey (SF-12); the independent variables were social-demographic characteristics relating to health and behaviors. A multiple regression was made by the General Linear Model. Of the 841 interviewees, 31% had PHC adversely affected, and 37.2% had MHC adversely affected; 57% had adverse score in at least one domain. The average scores were 49.9 for the physical health component and 47.1 for the MHC. Higher scores on the PHC were associated with: being male (β = 1.94), having a car in the family (β = 0.89), having recently used dental services (β = 1.86), not having a chronic disease (β = 4.60), not using any medication (β = 2.09), not being a smoker (β = 2.04) and practicing physical activities (β = 1.73). Higher scores on the MHC were associated with not using medication (β = 1.91) and not being a smoker (β = 1.26). There is a need for further studies and policies aimed at maintaining and/or recovery of the physical and mental wellbeing of adults without specific diseases.


Noronha DD, Martins AM, Dias DD, Silveira MF, Paula AM, Haikal DS.

América Central y del Sur