Pharmacological treatment conciliation methodology in patients with multiple conditions

dianagosalvez Diana Gosálvez Prados last modified 19/11/2013 11:38

To carry out a bibliographic review in order to identify the different methodologies used along the reconciliation process of drug therapy applicable to polypathological patients.

Alfaro-Lara ER, Vega-Coca MD, Galván-Banqueri M, Nieto-Martín MD, Pérez-Guerrero C, Santos-Ramos B. Metodología de conciliación del tratamiento farmacológico en pacientes pluripatológicos. Atención Primaria. 2013. Disponible en: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0212656713001868


Article

19/11/2013

Design

We performed a literature review.

Data sources The bibliographic review (February 2012) included the following databases: Pubmed, EMBASE, CINAHL, PsycINFO and Spanish Medical Index (IME). The different methodologies, identified on those databases, to measure the conciliation process in polypathological patients, or otherwise elderly patients or polypharmacy, were studied.

Study selection Two hundred and seventy three articles were retrieved, of which 25 were selected.

Data extraction Specifically: the level of care, the sources of information, the use of registration forms, the established time, the medical professional in charge and the registered variables such as errors of reconciliation.

Results

Most of studies selected when the patient was admitted into the hospital and after the hospital discharge of the patient. The main sources of information to be highlighted are: the interview and the medical history of the patient. An established time is not explicitly stated on most of them, nor the registration form is used. The main professional in charge is the clinical pharmacologist. Apart from the home medication, the habits of self-medication and phytotherapy are also identified. The common errors of reconciliation vary from the omission of drugs to different forms of interaction with other medicinal products (drugs interactions).

Conclusions

There is a large heterogeneity of methodologies used for reconciliation. There is not any work done on the specific figure of the polypathological patient, which precisely requires a standardized methodology due to its complexity and its susceptibility to errors of reconciliation.


Alfaro-Lara ER, Vega-Coca MD, Galván-Banqueri M, Nieto-Martín MD, Pérez-Guerrero C, Santos-Ramos B.

Andalucía