Screening of frailty in elderly patients with disability by the means of Marigliano-Cacciafesta polypathology scale (MCPS) and Canadian Study of Health and Aging (CSHA) scales

Vivian Vivian Benítez Hidalgo last modified 15/07/2013 20:49

Frailty is an age-related condition, characterized by a decreased homeostatic reserve and increased vulnerability to stressful events, with high risk of adverse outcomes.

Martocchia A, Frugoni P, Indiano I, Tafaro L, Comite F, Amici A, et al. Screening of frailty in elderly patients with disability by the means of Marigliano-Cacciafesta polypathology scale (MCPS) and Canadian Study of Health and Aging (CSHA) scales. Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics. 2013 Apr;56(2):339–42.


Article

15/07/2013

The aim of this study was to compare the evaluation of the frailty by the means of the MCPS and the Rockwood criteria. We enrolled 98 patients (mean age ± standard deviation, m ± SD, 80.7 ± 7.0 years) and 20 controls (82.7 ± 3.4 ys), who attended our outpatient clinic for the evaluation of disability and the renewal of driving license, respectively. The multidisciplinary geriatric assessment (MGA) was performed including the administration of the following scales for frailty: MCPS scale (range 0-245), CSHA-Rules-Based Definition of Frailty (CSHA-RBDF) (range 0-3) and CSHA-Clinical Frailty Scale (CSHA-CFS) (range 0-7). The patients and controls showed MCPS=52.39 ± 11.36 and 4.6 ± 3.28, CSHA-RBDF=2.27 ± 0.62 and 0.10 ± 0.44, CSHA-CFS=6.22 ± 0.75 and 2.95 ± 0.51, respectively (p<0.000001). Frailty scores were higher in female than in male (p=0.065 for CSHA-RDBF and p<0.05 for CSHA-CFS). The MCPS scores were significantly related to both CSHA-RDBF (r=0.753, p<0.001) and CSHA-CFS scores (r=0.793, p<0.001). The frailty scales were significantly related to disability, cognitive impairment and polypathology. In conclusion, the frail patient may be a carrier of multiple chronic pathologies and/or of physical/cognitive decline. The frail patient has to be considered the elective geriatric patient, characterized by a continuous multidimensional care requirement. MCPS is an useful tool for the frailty screening and to set up a tailored program of geriatric rehabilitation, in order to prevent or reduce the development of frailty-related complications.


Martocchia A, Frugoni P, Indiano I, Tafaro L, Comite F, Amici A, et al.

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