Patterns of comorbidity and multimorbidity in the oldest old: the Octabaix study

Vivian Vivian Benítez Hidalgo last modified 15/07/2013 20:16

Multimorbidity is associated with higher mortality, increased disability, a decline in functional status and a lower quality of life. The objective of the study is to explore patterns of multimorbidity in an elderly population.

Formiga F, Ferrer A, Sanz H, Marengoni A, Alburquerque J, Pujol R. Patterns of comorbidity and multimorbidity in the oldest old: The Octabaix study. European Journal of Internal Medicine. 2013 Jan;24(1):40–4


Article

15/07/2013

 

METHODS: 328 community inhabitants aged 85 years were included. Socio-demographic variables and data from the global geriatric assessment were evaluated. Information on the presence of sixteen common chronic conditions was collected: hypertension, diabetes mellitus, dyslipidemia, ischemic cardiomyopathy, heart failure, stroke, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, (COPD), atrial fibrillation, peripheral arterial disease, Parkinson's disease, cancer, dementia, anemia, chronic kidney disease (CKD), visual impairment and deafness. Hierarchical cluster analysis was performed.
RESULTS: The rate of multimorbidity (>1 disease) was 95.1%. Men had a higher percentage of COPD and malignancy. Four main clusters were identified. The highest value of the bivariate correlation matrix was that between heart failure and visual impairment. These two diseases were included in a cluster with atrial fibrillation, CKD, heart failure, stroke, high blood pressure and diabetes mellitus.

METHODS: 328 community inhabitants aged 85 years were included. Socio-demographic variables and data from the global geriatric assessment were evaluated. Information on the presence of sixteen common chronic conditions was collected: hypertension, diabetes mellitus, dyslipidemia, ischemic cardiomyopathy, heart failure, stroke, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, (COPD), atrial fibrillation, peripheral arterial disease, Parkinson's disease, cancer, dementia, anemia, chronic kidney disease (CKD), visual impairment and deafness. Hierarchical cluster analysis was performed.
RESULTS: The rate of multimorbidity (>1 disease) was 95.1%. Men had a higher percentage of COPD and malignancy. Four main clusters were identified. The highest value of the bivariate correlation matrix was that between heart failure and visual impairment. These two diseases were included in a cluster with atrial fibrillation, CKD, heart failure, stroke, high blood pressure and diabetes mellitus.

 


Formiga F, Ferrer A, Sanz H, Marengoni A, Alburquerque J, Pujol R.

España.