Chronic disease management items in general practice: a population-based study of variation in claims by claimant characteristics

dianagosalvez Diana Gosálvez Prados last modified 9/09/2011 10:51

Objective: To describe how Medical Benefits Schedule (MBS) chronic disease (CD) item claims vary by sociodemographic and health characteristics in people with heart disease, asthma or diabetes.

Douglas KA, Yen Le, Korda RJ, Kljakovic M, Glasgow NJ. Chronic disease management items in general practice: a population-based study of variation in claims by claimant characteristics. Medical Journal of Australia. 2011; 195(4):198-202. Available at: http://www.mja.com.au/public/issues/195_04_150811/dou10167_fm.html


Article

9/09/2011

Design, setting and participants

A cross-sectional analysis of linked unit-level MBS and survey data from the first 102 934 participants enrolled in the 45 and Up Study, a large-scale cohort study in New South Wales, who completed the baseline survey between January 2006 and July 2008.
Main outcome measure: Claim for any general practitioner CD item within 18 months before enrolment, ascertained from MBS records.

Results

The proportion of individuals making claims for MBS CD items was 18.5% for asthma, 22.3% for heart disease, and 44.9% for diabetes. Associations between participant characteristics and a claim for a CD item showed similar patterns across the three diseases. For heart disease and asthma, people most likely to claim a CD item were women, older, of low income and education levels, with multiple chronic conditions, fair or poor self-rated health, obesity and low physical activity levels. The pattern of claims was slightly different for participants with diabetes in that there was no significant association with number of chronic conditions, smoking or physical activity.

Conclusions

Many individuals with self-reported CD do not claim CD items. People with diabetes and individuals with greatest need based on health, socioeconomic and lifestyle risk factors are the most likely to claim CD items.


Douglas KA, Yen Le, Korda RJ, Kljakovic M, Glasgow NJ

Asia